- Heavy fabric with a raised, often floral type pattern. Made with the jacquard technique, which allows more complex designs. Brocade is great for corsets, jackets, upholstery, and anything where a heavy, intricate fabric would be needed.
- A, usually triangular, fold or cut in fabric that is sewn together in order to add curvature to a flat piece of fabric.
- To fold over the edge of fabric and stitch it in order to provide a finished edge. Hemming is an art that can be very tricky and often requires the help of a friend to pin the hem in place while you wear it so that it will hang evenly. Hemming a full skirt or cloak can be a daunting and frustrating task, but having a neat and professional looking garment is worth the effort.
- The way fibers in material like velvet or carpeting lay. If you rub pile carpet one way it appears one colour, the shade will change if you lay them in another direction. Velvet is the same way. When sewing a garment with velvet you want to make sure the nap lays in the same direction all the way around. This can often force you to need more fabric than you other wise might. Thinking of the nap like a cat's fur, one way you pet it smoothes it down, the other way 'ruffles' it. Most velvet seems to look richer if you smooth it up, but the fibers get less abuse if you cut the garment so it smoothes down.
- The edge of a woven fabric which prevents raveling. It often incorporates threads that look nothing like the fabric it's self, usually tougher ones. Sometimes the selvedge is attractive, but more often it is purely functional.
- Tough woven belting material sometimes used on backpack straps so that they can be adjustable. It has a tendency to unravel easily. When made of nylon (the slick kind of webbing) the fraying can be discouraged by quickly passing the very end through a lighter's flame. This melts the end fibers together.